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Cockroaches are attracted to your home by the available food within. They feed on food, plastic, paper, packaging, fabrics and pet debris. Cockroaches are nocturnal creatures and spotting cockroaches scurrying about after switching on the lights is a solid indication of infestation. They carry and transport pathogenic microbes on their bodies and can trigger allergic reactions. Baby cockroaches are known to crawl into human ears.
The German cockroach (Blattella germanica) is a small species of cockroach, typically about 1.1 to 1.6 cm long. In colour it varies from tan to almost black, and it has two dark, roughly parallel, streaks on the pronotum running anteroposteriorly from behind the head to the base of the wings. Although B. germanica has wings, it can barely fly, although it may glide when disturbed. Of the few species of cockroach that are domestic pests, it probably is the most widely troublesome example. It is very closely related to the Asian cockroach, and to the casual observer, the two appear nearly identical and may be mistaken for each other. However, the Asian cockroach is attracted to light and can fly like a moth, while the German cockroach cannot.
Of all common cockroach species, the American cockroach has the largest body size; moults 6–14 times (mostly 13 times) before metamorphosis; and has the longest lifecycle, up to about 700 days.
It has an average length around 4 cm (1.6 in) and is about 7 mm (0.28 in) tall.They are reddish brown and have a yellowish margin on the pronotum, the body region behind the head. Immature cockroaches resemble adults except they are wingless.
The cockroach is divided into three sections; the body is flattened and broadly oval, with a shield-like pronotum covering its head. A pronotum is a plate-like structure that covers all or part of the dorsal surface of the thorax of certain insects. They also have chewing mouth parts, long, segmented antennae, and leathery fore wings with delicate hind wings. The third section of the cockroach is the abdomen.
The Asian cockroach (Blattella asahinai), is a species of cockroach that was first described in 1981 from insects collected on Okinawa Island, Japan. It is a small species of cockroach, and typically are 1.3 to 1.6 cm long and is tan to dark brown in colour with dark parallel stripes on the back of their head. It is commonly mistaken with the German cockroach (Blattella germanica) for their similar appearance. It is commonly found in and around houses.